Which type of motor is preferred for traction work?

Which motor is used in traction?

The motors used are induction or asynchronous motors designed to have characteristics suitable for traction. The speed and torque of the motor are controlled by varying the frequency, voltage and current applied to the stator coils. Motors for a typical locomotive would be in the range 400 to 600 kW.

Which type of motor is used for traction Why?

1. DC shunt motor is a constant speed motor but for traction purpose, the speed of the motor should vary with service conditions. 2. In case of DC shunt motor, the power output is independent of speed and is proportional to torque.

Which motor is most suitable for electric traction?

Windings. The DC motor was the mainstay of electric traction drives on electric and diesel-electric locomotives, street-cars/trams and diesel electric drilling rigs for many years. It consists of two parts, a rotating armature and fixed field windings surrounding the rotating armature mounted around a shaft.

Which DC motor is suitable for traction?

DC Series motor speed-torque characteristics are such that as torque increases speed decreases. DC series motor has develops high torque at low speeds, low torque at high speed, this is the basic requirement of traction unit. Commutating property of series motor is good so we get sparkles commutation.

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Which traction system is best?

In case of heavy trains that require frequent and rapid accelerations, DC traction motors are better choice as compared AC motors. DC train consumes less energy compared to AC unit for operating same service conditions.

Which motor is used in tramway?

Dc motor (Ma) and induction motor (Mc) are currently manufactured and used in 105 N tram drive, their parameters are available. Dc motor (Mb), brushless motor (Me) and slip-ring motor (Md) pa- rameters have been determined by analysis.

Which motor is preferred the most for traction purpose Why?

DC series motor is best suited for DC traction, cranes as it provides high starting torque and easy speed control which is primary requirement of DC traction.

Which motor is used in metro train?

THREE PHASE SLIP RING INDUCTION MOTOR has been used in DELHI METRO. Dc series motor is ideal for traction but the maintenance cost of which is very high also needs the conversion and smoothening of AC voltages.IM has less maintenance,high starting torque, cheap etc.

Which traction system has high efficiency?

DC train consumes less energy compared to AC unit for operating same service conditions. The equipment in DC traction system is less costly, lighter and more efficient than AC traction system. It causes no electrical interference with nearby communication lines.

Which locomotive has the highest operational availability?

Answer: Electric Locomotive:- An electric locomotive requires much less time for maintenance and repairs than a steam locomotive and such vehicles can, if desired, be kept in service for 95% or more. Diesel Locomotive:- It is available for hauling for about 90% of its working days.

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What will happen if DC motor is used without starter?

6. What will happen if DC motor is used without starter? Explanation: It would cause intolerably heavy sparking at the brushes which may destroy the commutator and brush-gear. Sudden development of large torque will cause mechanical shock to the shaft, reducing its life.