How does a jet engine work at high altitude?
Jet engines work more efficiently at high altitude because the air is cooler. … Hence, the larger the expansion of the air when heated, the faster the aircraft moves because it is the expansion of air that drives the turbines of the jet engine which generates more power for lesser fuel burn.
Why do jet engines work better at high altitudes?
Jet Engine Efficiency
The specific fuel consumption of jet engines decreases as the outside air temperature decreases for constant engine rpm and true airspeed (TAS). Thus, by flying at a high altitude, the pilot is able to operate at flight levels where fuel economy is best and with the most advantageous cruise speed.
At what altitude do jet engines stop working?
Flying at a typical altitude of 36,000 feet (about seven miles), an aircraft that loses both engines will be able to travel for another 70 miles before reaching the ground.
How long do jet engines last?
Older and smaller jet engines typically have TBOs of 5,000 hours at the most. More modern engines have about 6,000 hours or more. With most business jets accumulating less than 500 hours of flying time a year, the schedule for modern jet engine MRO operations averages about 12 years or more.
How reliable is a jet engine?
Reliability. Turbine engines in use on today’s turbine-powered aircraft are very reliable. Engines operate efficiently with regularly scheduled inspections and maintenance. These units can have lives ranging in the thousands of hours of operation.
At what altitude are jet engines most efficient?
The engine of an airliner is designed to be as efficient as possible over a journey containing a take-off, a climb, and most of its time at 35000 to 40000 feet where air pressure is about 1/4 to 1/5 of ground level.
Do planes use more fuel at higher altitudes?
Climbing to a higher altitude allows the jet to operate in thinner air, where fuel economy is better and drag is reduced for longer. Although it is counterintuitive, climbing to a higher altitude and then descending can save fuel.
Are planes faster at higher altitudes?
The higher the better
One of the central reasons behind aircraft altitude is that, as the air gets thinner with every foot climbed, planes can travel more easily and therefore move faster and burn less fuel, saving money.
Can you breathe at 35000 feet?
Partial pressures. You can breath at 35,000 ft without a pressured suit, but go much higher and you can’t. At sea level, you have 760 mmHg of air pressure. … At 35,000 ft, air pressure is 179 mmHg , so if you breath 100% pure oxygen, you’re getting the same amount of oxygen you’d get at sea level.
Why do jets fly at 35000 feet?
A balance between operating costs and fuel efficiency is achieved somewhere around 35,000 feet, which is why commercial airplanes usually fly at that altitude. Most commercial airplanes cruise at an altitude of nearly 35,000 feet—around 6.62 miles (10,600 meters) in the air!
How cold is it at 35000 feet?
At 35,000 ft. (11,000 m), the typical altitude of a commercial jet, the air pressure drops to less than a quarter of its value at sea level, and the outside temperature drops below negative 60 degrees Fahrenheit (negative 51 degrees Celsius), according to The Engineering Toolbox.