What is motor firing rate?
The rate at which the nerve impulses arrive is known as the motor unit firing rate and may vary from frequencies low enough to produce a series of single twitch contractions to frequencies high enough to produce a fused tetanic contraction.
What is the approximate range of muscle firing rates?
The lowest firing rates during a voluntary movement are on the order of 8 per second (Figure 16.8). As the firing rate of individual units rises to a maximum of about 20–25 per second in the muscle being studied here, the amount of force produced increases.
What is the unit of motor?
A motor unit consists of the motor neuron and the grouping of muscle fibers innervated by the neuron. The number of muscle fibers within a motor unit varies, and is a function of the muscle’s ability for accurate and refined motion.
How does motor unit recruitment work?
Motor unit recruitment is the process by which different motor units are activated to produce a given level and type of muscle contraction. … At higher levels of innervation, recruitment is accomplished by the addition of different motor units firing at or above physiologic tremor rate.
What increases motor unit recruitment?
Starting with the smallest motor units, progressively larger units are recruited with increasing strength of muscle contraction. The result is an orderly addition of sequentially larger and stronger motor units resulting in a smooth increase in muscle strength.
What is muscle rate coding?
The force exerted by a muscle during a voluntary contraction depends on the number of motor units recruited for the action and the rates at which they discharge action potentials (rate coding).
What are the three types of motor units?
Motor unit types (vertebrate)
FF — Fast fatigable — high force, fast contraction speed but fatigue in a few seconds. FR — Fast fatigue resistant — intermediate force, fatigue resistant — fast contraction speed and resistant to fatigue.
How many motor units are in a muscle?
Each individual muscle fiber in a muscle is innervated by one, and only one, motor neuron (make sure you understand the difference between a muscle and a muscle fiber).