Can any motor use VFD?
Output voltages are available for VFDs to match almost any existing motor voltage. However, very few, if any, VFDs have a direct 13,800-volt output for very high-voltage motors. For these cases, using a step-up transformer on the output of the VFD is often necessary to match the motor voltage.
What is the difference between normal motor and VFD motor?
While both inverter-duty motors and standard motors are capable of operating under VFDs, the main differences lie in construction and capability. The more demanding the application is, the more specifications the motor must have to accommodate it.
How do you match a VFD to a motor?
Thus, the rule of thumb for sizing the single phase input on a three-phase drive is to use a VFD rated for 2 times the FLA of the motor. For example if your motor is a 10 HP motor with a FLA of 28 amps, then you would need to select a VFD with an amp rating of 56 amps which ends up being around 20 HP.
Can a VFD damage a motor?
VFDs can wreck motor windings.
VFDs control motors with a simulated sine wave known as pulse width modulation (PWM). The problem is that peak voltages created by the VFD can often get high enough to break through motor insulation and short out motor windings.
How can you tell if a motor is inverter-duty?
Motor insulation systems that are rated for inverter use will be specified on the motor nameplate (or a sticker). These systems should have wire rated for a minimum of 1600 volt spikes, F or H class insulation, and will be processed with 100% sold resin in a vacuum pressure impregnation (VPI) system.
How many types of VFD are there?
There are three major types of VFDs here, all of which convert AC input into DC, followed by changing DC into a variable AC output with the help of an inverter. The three different AC VFDs are Current Source, Voltage Source and Direct Conversion drives.
How is VFD calculated?
The equation to calculate this is: The actual frequency divided by the potential frequency = X divided by the RPM on the machine nameplate.
Is it OK to oversize a VFD?
An oversized VFD can be used for a smaller HP motor. The advantage of this application is that if the motor requirements increase, the VFD may be large enough to still handle the increased load.
Can VFD causing motor vibration?
Circulating bearing currents—related to the use of VFDs—are primarily caused by the speed of the inverter switching in the output stage of a VFD. … Over time, this pitting creates a fluting on the face of the bearing races. When the fluting becomes severe enough, bearings can fail, which causes increased motor vibration.
Can you use a VFD on any 3 phase motor?
Yes, a VFD can power a three-phase motor with a single-phase input power supply, but phase conversion introduces many considerations that normally don’t factor in to buying a VFD.